Three pronged approach to smart grid development i

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Three pronged approach to smart electricity development in the United States

recently, the negative impact on smart electricity construction projects in the United States has been increasing. For example, the construction cost is far more than the initial budget, and consumers complain that the installation of smart meters in their homes has increased their electricity expenditure

but based on this information alone, it is too early to think that "the development of smart power projects in the United States is unfavorable". In fact, if you can visit the American smart power construction project locally in person, from the hot scene and the degree of attention, you can see that the United States hopes to grasp the "hegemony" in the energy field as it does in the Internet field. The reason why the United States has developed so rapidly and taken the lead in the Internet field is mainly due to three reasons: the strong support of the government, the standardization of technology, and the participation of new members to accelerate the formation of the market. In fact, the construction of smart power projects in the United States also follows a similar law

financial subsidies for smart electricity

not long ago, kristinajohnson, deputy secretary of the U.S. Department of energy, delivered a speech at the Symposium of the American Wireless Communication Exhibition, saying: "now there is good news, that is, American electricity has become the leading innovation in the 20th century; but there is also bad news, that is, its development speed is too slow."

What Johnson emphasized is exactly what the Obama administration is concerned about. Modern electricity construction is of primary importance to the United States. Smart electricity will help consumers save money while enabling them to monitor their energy use. Smart electricity can also enable public utilities to obtain real-time information and respond to emergencies such as power outages in a timely manner. According to relevant reports, the installation of 2million smart meters will save billions of dollars for American consumers in a year

in February 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, passed shortly after the establishment of the Obama administration, launched an economic stimulus plan of $787billion, of which $4.5 billion was dedicated to supporting the development of smart electricity. In addition to direct investment, the U.S. government has also introduced a series of financial subsidies related to smart electricity, such as subsidies and tax relief for the purchase of solar photovoltaic systems and electric vehicles, as well as building energy-saving reconstruction

U.S. government "Harri ditt, a composite material expert at bond laminates, users can choose products and equipment that are more suitable for them. Mar explained that it also has strong support for basic research. For example, government research institutions such as the National Renewable Energy Laboratory of the United States and the Bartel Institute in Ohio have given strong support to smart electricity projects

accelerate standardization

the National Institute of standards and Technology (NIST) under the U.S. Department of commerce is the main body. U.S. government departments have studied various technical standards such as interoperability and network security of smart electricity

on January 19 this year, NIST announced the standardization framework for the new generation of transmission "smart electricity" - defining 75 standard specifications, standards and guidelines. Among them, 25 specifications and standards were determined before the announcement. These 25 standards include ZigBee's smartenergyprofile, a technology that enables two-way wireless communication between smart meters and household appliances

the formulation of the detailed content framework of the other 50 specifications has given a schedule, involving the purpose, assumption, standard specifications and specification scheme formulation deadline of smart electricity. In the future, smart electricity related equipment and devices in the United States must meet the standard specifications in the framework. The framework is characterized by "emphasis on mutual connectivity and security". The framework defines smart electricity as seven fields. These seven areas are power stations, transmission, distribution, managers, suppliers, general customers and markets

nist is rapidly promoting standardization. On September 2, 2010, NIST released the network security guidelines (First Edition), but this is only a starting point. To realize smart electricity, hundreds of standard specifications and guidelines need to be formulated

new members promote market formation

these new members are dominated by IT enterprises and high-tech enterprises. On the surface, the main force of smart power construction projects is power companies or local governments, but the actual leadership is large IT enterprises with branches all over the world, high-tech enterprises with core technologies in specific fields, and non-profit organizations. These American enterprises or institutions all have strong global business divisions

for example, Accenture, an American company engaged in IT consulting business, has undertaken the project management of the smart city pilot project in Boulder, Colorado, and the smart city projects in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and Yokohama, Japan. IBM, an American company, provides smart city consulting and it services in major cities around the world

in terms of high-tech enterprises, the most famous company is silverspringnetworks of the United States. This company provides power companies with solutions for the construction and operation of advanced meter architecture (AMI) for smart electricity. The company is funded by several large-scale high-tech enterprises. Its executive vice president and chief marketing officer said, "it is necessary for power companies to build smart electricity now." California energy giant Pacific Gas and power company (PG E) is a customer of the company. PG E has deployed about 7million smart meters in Northern California. Silverspringnetworks also provides AMI solutions for Canada and Australia

IT enterprises or high-tech enterprises are not the only new members. American non-profit organization (NPO) has also recently demonstrated its absolute strength in smart electricity. The ring stiffness testing machine of the United States in this field is mainly used to test the mechanical properties of the ring stiffness of rigid cement pipes. There are many business-oriented NPOs that are no less than the scale and volume of business of private enterprises

enterprisecommunitypartners in the United States is such a career oriented NPO, which is committed to providing low rent housing services throughout the United States. Relevant experts pointed out that under the opportunity of smart electricity construction, if those low-income groups with weak ability to buy houses choose low rent houses and start to use energy-saving and environmental protection materials and equipment on a large scale, it will open a huge energy-saving and environmental protection market. In other words, the development of smart electricity can not only reduce carbon dioxide emissions, but also speed up the recovery of construction investment


the development of smart e-government is indispensable

interconnection has always been supported by the National Science Foundation in its embryonic stage, Through the open organization of "both materials and design talents in Colleges and universities", known as IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force), the United States has standardized new technologies in the Internet field, built a series of system frameworks, and expanded its influence to the world in a short time. Today, the U.S. government, which has tasted the "sweetness", still hopes to achieve its "hegemony" in the field of smart electricity through its strong intervention

we can see that the Obama administration passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act shortly after its establishment, of which $4.5 billion was dedicated to supporting the development of smart electricity. At the same time, it is also accelerating the research on smart electricity technology standards. The experience of the United States tells us that the government cannot be absent in the development of smart electricity

it is not possible for power companies, planning departments and scientific research institutions to formulate smart electricity strategies. In developed countries such as the United States and Japan, smart electricity strategy has become an important national strategy, which is formulated and promoted by the state and relevant forces under the unified leadership and support of the government. Smart electricity strategy has become an important strategic measure for them to seize the commanding heights of the future low-carbon economy. China's smart power strategy must also be a national strategy, which requires the national strength to formulate and promote development under the leadership of the government. Because China's development of smart electricity has more problems and more complex situations than developed countries. The "struggle" between China and other countries in the development of smart electricity is not only a contest of comprehensive strength and seizing the commanding heights of the future low-carbon economy, but also the need to promote its own sustainable economic development and ensure future energy security

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